ReneSola Ltd ("ReneSola" or the "Company") (NYSE: SOL), a leading global manufacturer of solar photovoltaic ("PV") modules and wafers, today announced its unaudited financial results for the fourth quarter and the full year ended December 31, 2012.
Fourth Quarter 2012 Financial and Operating Highlights
- Total solar wafer and module shipments in Q4 2012 were 713.2 megawatts ("MW"), exceeding Company guidance and representing an increase of 33.9% from 532.8 MW in Q3 2012.
- Q4 2012 net revenues were US$306.5 million, exceeding Company guidance and representing an increase of 40.5% from US$218.2 million in Q3 2012.
- Q4 2012 gross profit was US$10.3 million with a gross margin of 3.3%, compared to gross loss of US$39.2 million with a gross margin of negative 18.0% in Q3 2012.
- Q4 2012 operating loss was US$23.8 million with an operating margin of negative 7.8%, compared to an operating loss of US$82.8 million with an operating margin of negative 38.0% in Q3 2012.
- Q4 2012 net loss was US$49.8 million, representing basic and diluted loss per share of US$0.29, and basic and diluted loss per American depositary share ("ADS") of US$0.58.
- Cash and cash equivalents plus restricted cash were $268.1 million as of the end of Q4 2012, compared toUS$335.2 million as of the end of Q3 2012.
- Q4 2012 net cash inflow from operating activities was US$25.8 million compared to net cash outflow ofUS$46.0 million in Q3 2012.
Full Year 2012 Financial and Operating Highlights
- Total solar wafer and module shipments for the full year 2012 were a record 2.2 gigawatts ("GW"), in line with Company guidance and representing an increase of 70.6% from 1.3 GW for the full year 2011.
- Full year 2012 net revenues were US$969.1 million, a decrease of 1.6% from US$985.3 million in 2011.
- Full year 2012 gross loss was US$35.7 million with a gross margin of negative 3.7%, compared to a gross profit of US$96.1 million with a gross margin of 9.7% in 2011.
- Full year 2012 operating loss was US$179.0 million with an operating margin of negative 18.5%, compared to an operating income of US$11.5 million with an operating margin of 1.2% in 2011.
- Full year 2012 net loss was US$203.4 million, representing basic and diluted loss per share of US$1.18and basic and diluted loss per ADS of US$2.36.
"The fast growth of our solar module business, driven by our proprietary Virtus technology, low production costs and global sales teams, contributed to a positive gross margin of 3.3% in the fourth quarter of 2012," said Mr. Xianshou Li, ReneSola's chief executive officer. "Last year, we leveraged our core competitive strength in wafer manufacturing to greatly expand our solar module business and made inroads in several key markets, includingAustralia, the United States, India, China and across Europe. In addition, we continued to make progress with downstream products like our Micro Replus microinverter and plan to offer residential PV solutions soon. Although we delivered record shipments in the fourth quarter, the selling prices for solar modules and wafers continued to decline as a result of the global supply-demand imbalance. While we believe prices are beginning to stabilize, we will continue to focus on lowering our costs, an area in which we have excelled, to improve our margins and better position us once conditions improve. Furthermore, we will continue to invest in new technology and expand our solar module business to attract new customers and grow our business in 2013."
Fourth Quarter 2012 Results
Solar Wafer and Module Shipments
|Total Solar Wafer and Module
|Wafer Shipments (MW)||392.7||387.5||245.4||1.3%||60.0%|
|Module Shipments (MW)||320.5||145.3||94.5||120.6%||239.2%|
The sequential increase in solar product shipments was mainly the result of increased demand for the Company's solar modules across a number of geographic regions, particularly China, as well as the result of seasonally strong year-end demand and the increasing competitiveness of solar power as a power source.
|Net Revenues (US$mln)||$306.5||$218.2||$187.7||40.5%||63.3%|
Revenues in Q4 2012 increased substantially quarter over quarter, despite a decrease in the average selling prices ("ASPs") of solar wafers and modules from US$0.28 per watt ("W") and US$0.67/W, respectively, toUS$0.24/W and US$0.63/W, respectively, as a result of a significant increase in solar module shipments, particularly to China.
Gross Profit (Loss)
|Gross Profit (Loss) (US$mln)||$10.3||($39.2)||($43.4)||-||-|
The sequential increase in gross profit was due to increased sales of the Company's solar modules, which present higher margins than the Company's wafer business, as well as the inventory write-down of US$31.6 million recorded in Q3 2012 to reflect the decline in the price of solar wafers and polysilicon.
|Operating Expenses (US$mln)||$34.0||$43.6||$9.3||(22.0%)||265.6%|
|Operating Loss (US$mln)||($23.8)||($82.8)||($52.7)||-||-|
The sequential decrease in operating expenses was primarily due to (1) the impairment loss on long-lived assets of US$6.1 million recorded in Q3 2012 for the discontinuation of 200 MW of monocrystalline wafer furnace production capacity and (2) the goodwill impairment charge of US$5.8 million recorded in Q3 2012 for the Company's solar cell and module business acquired in 2009, offset by (3) an intangible asset impairment loss of $3.8 million to reflect a decrease in the value of the business license for the Company's Sichuan polysilicon plant and (4) a normalizing of research and development ("R&D") expenses, after the Company had decreased its R&D expenses in Q3 2012 to save costs. Operating expenses represented 11.1% of total revenues in Q4 2012, compared to 20.0% in Q3 2012.
Foreign Exchange Gain
The Company had a foreign exchange gain of US$3.1 million in Q4 2012, primarily due to the appreciation of the renminbi ("RMB") against the US dollar. The Company also recognized a US$0.9 million gain on derivatives, compared to a loss of US$0.3 million in Q3 2012, as the price of the Company's RMB hedging and purchase contracts were higher than the current exchange rates.
Net Loss Attributable to Holders of Ordinary Shares
|Net Loss (US$mln)||($49.8)||($78.6)||($36.7)|
|Diluted Loss per Share||($0.29)||($0.46)||($0.21)|
|Diluted Loss per ADS||($0.58)||($0.91)||($0.43)|
The Company's Q4 2012 net income was negatively impacted by a US$16.7 million impairment of deferred tax assets.
Full Year 2012 Results
Solar Wafer and Module Shipments
|Total Solar Wafer and Module
|Wafer Shipments (MW)||1,496.2||1,014.1||47.5%|
|Module Shipments (MW)||712.8||280.7||153.9%|
The increase in solar product shipments was the result of strong demand for both the Company's solar wafers and modules, especially the Company's Virtus products.
|Net Revenues (US$mln)||$969.1||$985.3||(1.6%)|
The decrease in revenues was the result of the declines in solar wafer and module ASPs, offset by an increase in solar product shipments.
Gross Profit (Loss)
|Gross Profit (Loss) (US$mln)||($35.7)||$96.1||(137.2%)|
The decrease in gross profit was primarily due to the declines in solar wafer and module ASPs, as well to as inventory write-downs to reflect the significant drop in prices for polysilicon, solar wafers and solar modules.
Operating Income (Loss)
|Operating Expenses (US$mln)||$143.3||$84.5||69.6%|
|Operating Income (Loss) (US$mln)||($179.0)||$11.5||(1,651.1%)|
The increase in operating expenses was primarily due to (1) an increase of US$16.4 million in sales and marketing expenses in conjunction with the Company's expansion of its business outside of China (2) an increase of US$12.3 million in general and administrative expenses as a result of increased headcount associated with the expansion of the Company's solar module business and (3) a one-time gain of US$13.5 million recorded in 2011 for the forfeiture of a prepaid deposit due to the breach of a solar wafer contract by one of the Company's clients, as well as (4) an impairment loss on long-lived assets of US$6.4 million, (5) a goodwill impairment charge of US$6.2 million and (6) an intangible asset impairment loss of $3.8 million to reflect a decrease in the value of the business license for the Company's Sichuan polysilicon plant in 2012. Operating expenses represented 14.8% of total revenues in 2012, compared to 8.6% in 2011.
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Holders of Ordinary Shares
|Net Income (Loss) (US$mln)||($203.4)||$0.3|
|Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Share||($1.18)||$0.002|
|Diluted Earnings (Loss) per ADS||($2.36)||$0.004|
Research and Development
ReneSola continued to invest in R&D in Q4 2012 to improve the technology behind its products and manufacturing. With regard to solar wafers, the Company's next generation Virtus A+++ wafers with average efficiencies of 17.6% to 17.8% are now in trial production. With regard to solar modules, the Company's 60-cell 260 W Virtus II modules with efficiencies of 16% are now also in trial production, and the Company's 60-cell 260 W Virtus I modules are now in full production. ReneSola is currently developing a frame-integrated microinverter, the second-generation Micro Replus, which is expected to reduce costs to ReneSola customers by 20% compared to the first generation model. The Company also aims to provide its DC optimizer product in the second half of 2013, and continues to research small-scale storage systems with a plan to market such products by mid 2013. In addition, ReneSola is developing a PV home kit solution with a plan to market it by mid 2013.
Solar Module Business
ReneSola delivered 320.5 MW of solar modules, of which nearly all were Virtus modules, in Q4 2012, compared to 145.3 MW of solar modules, of which 101.7 MW were Virtus modules, in Q3 2012. For Q4 2012, the Company's solar module ASP was US$0.63/W and total solar module selling cost was approximatelyUS$0.60/W, compared to approximately US$0.65/W in Q3 2012. Gross margin for the Company's solar module business was approximately 4.7% in Q4 2012, compared to approximately 1.0% in Q3 2012. The Company expects to continue to reduce its solar module manufacturing costs through improvements in its manufacturing methods and reductions in material costs. In Q1 2013, the Company expects its total solar module production cost to decrease to approximately US$0.55/W and its shipments to decrease to a range of 280 MW to 300 MW due to seasonality. For the full year 2013, the Company expects its total solar module shipments to increase 100% year over year to a range of 1.4 GW to 1.6 GW. The Company will not expand solar module capacity, but may instead outsource some production to third parties under ReneSola's supervision and brand, and in compliance with localization rules in some jurisdictions.
In order to address the challenges presented by potential European countervailing duties, the Company has signed over 400 MW of overseas tolling contracts and may expand this further after the final ruling.
Solar Wafer Business
For Q4 2012, ReneSola's solar wafer ASP was US$0.24/W and blended non-silicon solar wafer processing cost was US$0.12/W, a decrease from US$0.15/W in Q3 2012 as a result of the Company's continued cost-reduction efforts. In Q4 2012, the Company produced approximately 514 MW of solar wafers, of which 484 MW were Virtus A++ wafers. The Company's next generation Virtus A+++ wafers with average efficiencies of 17.6% to 17.8% are now in trial production. Gross margin for the Company's solar wafer business was approximately 1.9% in Q4 2012, compared to approximately negative 7.5% in Q3 2012. The Company expects non-silicon solar wafer processing cost in its Virtus A++ manufacturing facilities to reach US$0.11/W by the end of Q1 2013, with overall blended non-silicon solar wafer processing cost expected to remain at this level throughout 2013. The Company's solar wafer capacity is expected to remain at 2.0 GW throughout 2013.
In Q4 2012, ReneSola produced approximately 327.2 metric tons ("MT") of polysilicon, a decrease from approximately 1,175.7 MT in Q3 2012 as a result of the temporary halt of polysilicon production at the end ofOctober 2012 to upgrade the Company's facilities and equipment, as well as integrate Phase II with Phase I. Combined production for the newly integrated polysilicon plant is now in trial production. The Company's polysilicon production capacity is currently 10,000 MT.
As a result of the temporary production halt, upgrade and integration of the Company's polysilicon facilities, the Company now expects its polysilicon production facilities to have a polysilicon production cost of approximatelyUS$18/kg for the combined phases by the end of Q2 2013.
ReneSola currently has approximately 8,200 employees, compared to 7,595 employees as of the end of 2011.
Recent Business Developments
- In March 2013, ReneSola announced that its installer and EPC customers may now offer leases to qualified residential customers without a down payment through Sunnova's leasing program.
- In March 2013, ReneSola began offering SolarSafe warranty insurance, which offers both performance guarantees and warranties of product quality, for its solar PV modules.
- In February 2013, ReneSola announced it had shipped over 100 MW of PV modules to customers inAustralia since January 2012.
- In February 2013, ReneSola introduced its new PV home kit solution at the 6th International Photovoltaic Power Generation Expo in Tokyo, Japan.
- In February 2013, ReneSola announced it had established a Japanese subsidiary, ReneSola Japan Ltd., inOctober 2012 to drive sales and business development in Japan. In addition, the Company applied for its products to be listed by the Japan Photovoltaic Expansion Center for eligibility to receive installation subsidies from the Japanese government.
- In February 2013, ReneSola announced its 72-cell polysilicon modules were listed by Underwriters Laboratories ("UL") as meeting required standards for use in PV systems up to 1,000 volts. At the same time, its 60-cell and 72-cell modules were listed by UL as meeting required standards for use in PV systems up to 600 volts.
- In February 2013, ReneSola announced that a total of more than 100 MW of its PV modules had been distributed, installed and connected to the grid in Greece since November 2011.
- In January 2013, ReneSola announced its 60- and 72-cell polysilicon and monosilicon solar modules exceeded their power output guidelines when assessed by a third-party flash test.
- In January 2013, ReneSola showcased its latest solar energy-based solutions at the World Future Energy Summit in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
- In January 2013, ReneSola announced that it had been awarded its first contract in the Middle East, by Taibah University in Medina, Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia, to provide 15 kilowatts of solar modules to be used to test off-grid solutions.
- In January 2013, ReneSola announced its 245 W quasi-monocrystalline Virtus I module ranked first in terms of performance ratio among all comparable modules for the month of October, as tested by PHOTON International, a leading solar power trade publication.
- In December 2012, ReneSola announced its microinverter, Micro Replus, formally obtained a Certificate of Approval from SAA Approvals, a third-party certification body accredited to issue Certificates of Approval for electrical equipment that complies with the safety requirements of the applicable Australian standard.
- In December 2012, ReneSola announced it had agreed to ship 4.3 MW of its high-quality solar modules to E.ON Climate & Renewables GmbH, an award-winning unit responsible for industrial-scale renewable activities within E.ON AG, one of the world's largest investor-owned power and gas companies.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Net cash inflow from operating activities was US$25.8 million in Q4 2012, compared to net cash outflow ofUS$46.0 million in Q3 2012. Net cash and cash equivalents plus restricted cash were US$268.1 million at the end of Q4 2012, compared to US$335.2 million at the end of Q3 2012.
Total debt was US$790.2 million at the end of Q4 2012, compared to US$850.3 million at the end of Q3 2012, excluding US$111.6 million of convertible notes due March 15, 2018, unless repurchased or converted at an earlier date. Short-term borrowings were US$733.6 million in Q4 2012, compared to US$715.8 million in Q3 2012.
Capital expenditures were US$21.3 million in Q4 2012, primarily to expand the Company's polysilicon production capacity and integrate Phase II of its Sichuan polysilicon production plant, as well as build up its horizontal and project businesses.
2013 Capacity Expansion Plans and Related Capital Expenditure
The Company expects to spend approximately US$60 million this year to complete its polysilicon production capacity upgrade, as well as to maintain and upgrade its existing businesses.
For Q1 2013, the Company expects total solar wafer and module shipments to be in the range of 660 MW to 680 MW, with solar module shipments expected to be in the range of 280 MW to 300 MW. Revenues are expected to be in the range of US$260 million to US$270 million and gross margin is expected to be positive.
For the full year 2013, the Company expects total solar wafer and module shipments to be in the range of 2.7 GW to 2.9 GW, with solar module shipments expected to be in the range of 1.4 GW to 1.6 GW.
Conference Call Information
ReneSola's management will host an earnings conference call on Thursday, March 14, 2013 at 8 am U.S. Eastern Time (8 pm Beijing/Hong Kong time).
Dial-in details for the earnings conference call are as follows:
|U.S. / International:||+1-718-354-1231|
Please dial in 10 minutes before the call is scheduled to begin and provide the passcode to join the call. The passcode is "ReneSola Call".
A replay of the conference call may be accessed by phone at the following number until March 21, 2013:
Additionally, a live and archived webcast of the conference call will be available on the Investor Relations section of ReneSola's website at http://www.renesola.com.
Founded in 2005, ReneSola (NYSE:SOL) is a leading global manufacturer of high-efficiency solar PV modules and wafers. Leveraging its proprietary technologies, economies of scale and technical expertise, ReneSola uses in-house virgin polysilicon and a vertically integrated business model to provide customers with high-quality, cost-competitive products. ReneSola solar modules have scored top PVUSA Test Conditions (PTC) ratings with high annual kilowatt-hour output, according to the California Energy Commission (CEC). ReneSola solar PV modules can be found in projects ranging in size from a few kilowatts to multi-megawatts in markets around the world, including the United States, Germany, Italy, Belgium, China, Greece, Spain and Australia. For more information, please visit www.ReneSola.com.